When selecting a baler you need to review the full selection of
materials the you want to bale, the physical size and density of the
material and the amount of material that you need to bale. This
information will help set up the criteria for the proper baler for your
application. balers are typically rated by through-put (tonnes per hour
capacity) and bale chamber size. For instance, if you want to bale a
high volume of cardboard you would need a wide mouth baler with enough
displacement "under load" to keep up with your volume. If you want to
bale paper trim fed from an air handling system, you would only require
a less expensive narrow chamber horizontal baler that has ample
displacement under load to keep up with your production.

Understanding the loose density of the material that you want to bale
is also important because it will have a large effect on the baler's
productivity. Be careful of manufacturers that make claims of high
through-put with lower than normal horsepower. These low horsepower
balers typically produce light density bales, which inflate the cost of
baling due to excessive bale wire costs. The two highest costs in a
baling operation are the cost of transporting bales and the cost of
baling wire. Some will tell you that the cost of electricity is the
most significant cost in a baling operation. However; electricity costs
are minuscule compared to the cost of baling wire and freight. Most
balers on the market that use lower horsepower motors usually suffer up
to 30 per cent in bale density, which in a high-volume application can
have a dramatic wire and freight cost impacts, increasing wire costs by
as much as an additional $100,000 per year.

The design of the extrusion chamber has a lot to do with the baler 's
ability to produce dense bales. As the balers cycle time is important,
so is the extrusion chambers ability to hold the baled material as it
travels through the extrusion chamber as this chamber is instrumental
in creating dense bales. balers such as American balers Wide Mouth and
PAC series balers produce high density bales at low operational costs
due to their unique extrusion chamber design, power packs and control

Lower quality bale wire will typically only hold a bale weighing 2,100
lbs. so there will be a requirement of 15 per cent more wire. In
contrast, high-quality wire that costs about two cents more per pound
provides a cost savings of about 39 cents per baled tonne. With a
production rate of about 3,000 tonnes per month, savings could add up
to $13,000 per year or $195,000 during the life span of the baler.

In conclusion, a baler is a larger investment than meets the eye and it
is well worth your time to do your homework, get the facts and ask the
manufacturer the right questions. If you are not comfortable with the
answers, ask for the proof or choose another manufacturer.

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